- Center for Open Science offers The Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) guidelines.
Established in 2015, COS holds the view that “transparency, open sharing, and reproducibility are core values of science”, and that “journals, funders and scholarly societies can increase reproducibility of research by adopting TOP guidelines.” Published in 2015, TOP includes eight modular standards, each with three levels of increasing stringency. Journals select which of the eight transparency standards they wish to adopt for their journal, and select a level of implementation for each standard. These features provide flexibility for adoption depending on disciplinary variation, but simultaneously establish community standards. As of November 20, 2016, the COS website has 763 journal and 65 organizational signatories expressing support of openness, transparency and reproducibility and agree to review and potentially adopt the standards.
- Business and management journals to improve the quality of empirical research.
Strategic Management Journal calls for repeatable results with emphasis on data accessibility and transparency. It will lead a major change in the field in terms of supporting replication research to ensure the robustness and reliability of findings (Bettis, et al., 2016). This effort is laudable because reliability is a foundational requirement of responsible science and a necessary condition to societally relevant research. Management and Organization Review, which publishes research in China and emerging economies, has also developed policies of replication, data accessibility and a two-stage review process to prevent the problem of post-hoc hypothesizing and cherry picking of results in research papers (Lewin, et al., Management and Organizational Review, December 2016 Issue, in press). Many other journals have already or are soon to introduce similar polities, such as OBHDP, and Journal of International Business Studies. The American Economic Association has a data availability policy for its journals, including AER, AEJ, AEL, and AEP (AEA website).
- Industrial and organizational psychology and management journal editors pledge to uphold ethics in publications.
2011/2012 marked an important year for research and publishing ethics. The world press highlighted numerous data fraud scandals. Science published papers and commentaries on the use of coercive citations among journals, and journals faced criticism for engaging in tactics more focused on engorging impact factors than the advancement of science per se. At the same time, this period showcased public dialogue on the topic of research ethics among major professional associations, and journals featured special issues seeking to define the normative ethical practices of authors, reviewers, and editors. In response to this, a group of Editors from the fields of Industrial/Organizational Psychology and Management assembled to draft a voluntary Code of Conduct defining some general behaviors that they agree are important to maintaining the ethics and integrity of scientific inquiry. Since that time the list of signatories has grown to include over 200 Editors and Associate Editors.